By Karen Schumacher
October 23, 2018
Most Idahoans are not aware that Yellowstone to Yukon (Y2Y) was actually the brainchild of Harvey Locke, a Canadian and IUCN member, and whose official name is the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative. In 1997 a group of environmentalists got together with Harvey in Canada and concocted the Y2Y vision, taking land from Yellowstone to the Yukon and locking it up for protection and non-use. From that point on Y2Y has grown exponentially, running over local authorities, buddying up with government agencies for implementing their objectives in spite of lobbying activities being prohibited, and in the process has made a mockery of U.S. citizen rights.
The Y2Y website states it is a registered charity in Canada, and is registered as a 501(c)3 through its "Montana Society" in the U.S.. Y2Y officially registered their organization as a Canadian charity and as a 501(c)3 in the U.S. in 2005. But the hatched plot for Y2Y goes a little deeper.
From 1997 to 2000, the players worked on organizing their vision. By 2000, Y2Y, in Montana, then requested a non-profit status. Because there had been no actual activity up to this point, Y2Y was issued a "Ruling Letter" on 9/1/2000. Ruling dates involve a letter written in advance of operations if the "...organization can describe its proposed operations in enough detail to permit a conclusion that it will clearly meet the particular requirements of the section under which it is claiming exemption." This gave Y2Y in the U.S. the ability to accept donations and build their environmental empire. At the same time, Y2Y was kept as two separate entities, one in Canada and one in the U.S., even though they co-existed as one organization.
The 2001 Y2Y-MT tax form below provides some interesting information about the beginning of Y2Y. The address is listed as Bozeman, Montana with a revenue of $674,777.00 for the year. On page 3, there is a notation of expenditures for contract services in the amount of $127,760.00. Page 5 indicates the Executive Director is located in Alberta, Canada with remaining associates in Montana. Already this "U.S." non-profit was setting themselves up as an organization that was started in a foreign country but split between two countries, but arranged to operate as one group.
Page 6, 80(a)(b) states, "Is the organization related through common membership, officers, trustees...to any other exempt or nonexempt organization?" This box is checked Yes and lists "Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative Society." This is the Canadian version of Y2Y located in Alberta. In fact, at the bottom of page 6, a Canadian is responsible for managing the finances.
On page 13 there are specific questions about transfers of cash "from the reporting organization to a noncharitable exempt organization". All boxes are checked No.
Beginning on page 21, the explanation for this "joint" Canada-U.S. endeavor as Y2Y calls it, is explained. Quote:
"On February 25, 2001 Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative (Y2Y-Montana) entered into an Agency Agreement with Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative Society (Y2Y-Alberta), a non-profit Society incorporated in Alberta, Canada Y2Y-Montana receives funds given in the United States to be used in Y2Y programs. Y2Y-Montana maintains full and complete direction, control and supervision over the application of the funds it receives Y2Y-Montana contracts with Y2Y-Alberta for services rendered for the purpose of carrying out its charitable activities"
So this organization was set up specifically in the U.S., presumably by Montana individuals who were involved from the beginning, in order to funnel money to their organization in Canada via contract. They aren't giving to a charity, they are giving to themselves. The actual agreement begins on page 22.
For unknown reasons a second tax form was filed in 2002, however this tax form lists the new Board of Directors on page 11. The Canadians include Mac Hislop, Stephen Legault, Harvey Locke, Bob Peart, Wayne Sawchuk, and Ellen Zimmerman. On the U.S. side are Ernie LaBell (Jackson), Troy Merrill (ID), Ray Rasker (MT), Tom Skeele (MT), and Gary Tabor (MT). So we have allegedly two separate entities, in two separate countries sharing directorship through a contract. What other organization gets this cozy with a contract agency? The truth is they don't.
All US Y2Y-MT tax forms were studied from 2001-2016. Interestingly, although Y2Y claims to be transparent, the tax forms listed on their website are incomplete, omitting the years from 2001-2011. There is far more information listed on the tax forms from other websites, and the most glaring omission is how the money sent to Canada is hidden by "contract services" in the previous years. Here is a quick rundown of the amount of money sent to Y2Y-Alberta:
2003 - $305,315 (corrected)
2004 - $614,400
2005 - $911,000
2006 - $1,063,200
2007 - $2,222,397
2008 - $1,042,634
2009 - $827,135
2010 - $1,044,522
2011 - $1,331,500
2012 - $2,100,500
The remaining tax forms 2012-2016 can be seen on the Y2Y website listed above, and the further amount of money that was funneled to Canada is under the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative Society. The name and address of the principle officer is also listed in Canada on the first page.
Y2Y-MT was able to register as a 501(c)3 in 2005, having completed its objectives to qualify. Y2Y-Alberta obtained their charity status in the same year. In the below 2005 tax form, beginning on page 32 this transition is explained. Quote:
"The programs were started in 1995 by a network of U.S. and Canadian organizations, scientists and individuals. In 2000, the program became two separate entities, Yellowstone to Yukon conservation Initiative (a non-profit corporation incorporated pursuant to the laws of Montana, Y2Y Montana) and Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative Society (a non-profit Society incorporated pursuant to the laws of Alberta, Canada, Y2Y Alberta.) It is the intention of Y2Y Montana and Y2Y Alberta that the two entities operate seamlessly, with one set of programs and activities addressing the region as a whole. Y2Y Alberta and Y2Y Montana have identical membership on their respective Board of Directors."
On page 33, Y2Y-MT explains its relationship with Y2Y-Alberta. Quote:
"Y2Y Montana contracts with Y2Y Alberta for services rendered for the purpose of carrying out its charitable activities. Both of these organizations have the same Board of Directors and the same Executive Director, but Y2Y Montana is an American nonprofit corporation and Y2Y Alberta is a Canadian entity. Because generally accepted accounting principles differ between these two countries, the corporations have not been consolidated."
"For the year ended December 31, 2005, Y2Y Montana paid Y2Y Alberta contract services in the amount of $911,000."
Y2Y- Alberta tax forms have also been studied but all information from both groups is too exhaustive for this post. The focus of this post was explaining the true origins of Y2Y, how they operate with Canada, and expose the vast amount of U.S. money being sent to another country. Indeed, Canadians have significant issues with this funding mechanism, and are suffering the same type of attacks with losing access to land because of the agendas Y2Y pursues, which are the same in Idaho. Because they are "seamless", they are really the same group, with the same individuals, and with the same agendas.
Over the years the Board of Directors has changed but it is always a combination of Canadians and Americans. In the 2005 tax form, on page 20, it states, "Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative Society is a nonprofit corporation formed under the laws of Alberta, Canada. It has not applied for federal tax exemption in the U.S." Is this legal given the amount of money being funneled across the border?
There are other nuances with these tax forms that will continue to be posted. For now, Idahoans must understand that no Y2Y agenda can be implemented, it is all a scam. A well-funded scam. Every time you give $1 to this organization you are giving free rein for them to ship it to another country, especially under a questionable financial structure. As it applies to Island Park, do not support wildlife overpasses; that is just one of their stepping stones for further implementation of their agenda.